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A PEGylated analog of the gut hormone oxyntomodulin with long-lasting antihyperglycemic, insulinotropic and anorexigenic activity

Literature Life Science

Development of a novel DPP-IV-resistant, long-acting GLP1R agonist

Abstract

Peptide agonists of the glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor (GLP1R) are rapidly gaining favor as antidiabetic agents, since in addition to increasing glucose-dependent insulin secretion, they also cause weight loss. Oxyntomodulin (OXM), a natural peptide with sequence homology to both glucagon and GLP-1, has glucose-lowering activity in rodents and anorectic activity in rodents and humans, but its clinical utility is limited by a short circulatory half-life due to rapid renal clearance and degradation by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV). Here, we describe the development of a novel DPP-IV-resistant, long-acting GLP1R agonist, based on derivatization of a suitably chosen OXM analog with high molecular weight polyethylene glycol (PEG) (‘PEGylation’). PEG-OXM exerts an anti-hyperglycemic effect in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice in a glucose-dependent manner, with a maximally efficacious dose of 0.1mg/kg, and reduces food intake and body weight with a minimally efficacious dose of 1mg/kg. If this pharmacology is recapitulated in patients with type 2 diabetes, these results indicate PEG-OXM as a potential novel once-weekly GLP-1 mimetic with both glucose-lowering activity and weight loss efficacy.

Details

Bioorg Med Chem. 2013;21(22):7064-73.

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